n. the attack line. A slight misnomer since the line is actually 3 meters from the center line.
n. the attack line.
n. an offense with four spikers and two setters. The setters are spikers when they are in the front row, and setters when they are in the back row.
n. an offense with five spikers and one setter.
n. an offense with four spikers and two setters. The setters are setters when they are in the front row, and defenders when they are in the back row.
n. a service ace.
n. a flexible rod that rises above the net to delineate the sideline boundary. The antenna is considered part of the net and is out of bounds.
n. awarded when a player passes, sets, or digs the ball to a teammate who attacks the ball for a kill.
n. the attempt by one team to terminate the play by hitting the ball to the floor on the opponent’s side. The term refers to an individual effort or a combined team offensive pattern.
n. the direction of a spiker’s approach to a set ball and the imaginary path of the spike across the net if hit in the same line as the approach angle.
n. the accelerating running movement of a spiker, usually involving three or four steps, to the point where the spiker jumps to hit the ball.
n. results when an attacker hits the ball out of bounds, is stuffed by the opposing blockers, hits the ball into the antenna, is called for an illegal contact, hits the ball down on his side of the net, touches the net, or is called for a line violation.
n. a line three meters from, and parallel to, the net. A back-row player cannot legally attack the ball above the net unless he takes off on his jump from behind this line. See also 10-foot line, 3-meter line.
n. a statistic used to determine a player or team’s attack effectiveness, defined as (kills – attack errors)/attack attempts. A negative attack percentage is possible (if there are more errors than kills).
n. A player who attempts to hit a ball offensively with the purpose of terminating the play in his team’s favor.
n. the player assigned to set when the designated setter cannot, usually the right-front player.
n. a low, quick set behind the setter.
n. the three players whose court position, according to the official scorekeeper, is near the baseline.
n. a set delivered behind the setter.
n. a quick slide behind the setter.
ball handling error
n. charged when a player is called for mishandling the ball (usually a lift or a double hit) while digging or setting.
n. the back boundary of the court. See also endline.
n. an overhead dig characterized by using open hands, fingers straight but together, either with thumbs alongside each other or the front of one hand pressed against the back of the other hand. It is often executed with a pushing motion.
n. the combination of one, two, or three players jumping in front of the opposing spiker and contacting the spiked ball with the hands.
v. the action of stopping or slowing a spiked ball with the hands above the net.
n. the action of blocking without touching the ball.
n. charged when the blocker touches the net, or is called for a line violation, illegal contact, back row block, or reaching over the net.
n. the shadow of the block.
n. awarded when one player blocks the ball into the opponent’s court for a point of side-out. That player is the only blocker attempting to block the ball.
n. the player(s) responsible for blocking the opponent’s attack.
n. an abrupt change of direction in the attacker’s approach.
n. the spot where the attacker changes direction.
n. a forward jump in the attacker’s approach.
n. the line which lies in the plane of the net and extends from sideline to sideline, dividing the court.
n. a defensive posture where a defensive player sits over one heel while playing a ball and rolls on his back. Used to play balls close to the floor and to cushion hard spikes during retrieval attempts, this skill is also known as a half roll.
n. an offensive play that includes two or more players who attack in concert.
n. a blocking scheme in which one player, usually the middle blocker, jumps with, and attempts to stuff, the quick attacker.
n. a block attempt that deflects and slows down a spiked ball so the back-row defenders can easily play it.
cover the hitter
v. to perform spike coverage.
v. to move stealthily so as to escape notice.
n. 1. A combination in which the path of one attacker crosses the path of another.
n. a footwork pattern designed to allow a player to move quickly to a correct, balanced precontact position in either forearm or overhead passing.
n.,adj. an individual attack directed at an angle from one end of the offensive team’s side of the net to the opposite sideline of the defensive team’s court.
adj. away from the net, toward the endline.
n. a team tactical system of deploying players to positions to defend against an opponent’s attack. An effective system deploys players in the areas most likely to be attacked and takes the strengths and weaknesses of the individual defenders into account.
n. 1. the act of retrieving an attacked ball close to the floor.
2. Awarded when a player successfully passes a ball which has been attacked by the opposition.
1. 救球的动作。2. 成功的救起一个扣球。
n.,v. slang for tip.
n.,v. a defensive retrieval technique in which a player extends for a ball near the floor, causing both feet to leave the floor. The player contacts the ball with one or both arms and slides on the abdomen and thighs.
n.,v. a block formed by two players.
n. contacting the ball twice in succession, or the ball contacts various parts of the body successively.
n. a double contact.
n. a ball that has been attacked by the setter on the second contact.
v. to attack the ball on the second contact.
interj. an exclamation made by a player to inform his teammates that the setter is attacking the ball.
n. a defensive retrieval technique similar to a dive, except that after contacting the ball with either one or two arms, the player turns as the body contacts the floor and rolls as the momentum of the movement carries the feet over the shoulder, returning the player to his or her feet.
n. a play that starts as a cross but changes the direction of its play-set hitter with a veer.
n. a play in which the right fake-crosses the one-hitter and then attacks to the right of the setter.
n. a medium-height set on the right sideline.
n. a play in which the right fake-crosses the one-hitter, and then attacks on the right sideline.
n. a floater.
n. a serve that moves in an unpredictable path due to lack of spin.
n. any retrieval of an attacked ball that gets by the block.
n. to move with, and then block, an attacker, often changing positions with another blocker in the
n. the outside blocker who crosses the commit-blocker.
n. one of the six basic volleyball skills. It is a ball-handling skill that a player uses to legally contact the ball at a level below the waist using the forearms as the contact surface. See also bump.
n. a shoot that is attacked near the left sideline.
n. a slow, arcing shot, allowing an easy pass and a good attack by the receiving team.
interj. an exclamation made by a player to inform his teammates that they will receive a free ball.
v. to position oneself, in order to block, in front of the attacker’s arm.
n. a quick slide in front of the setter.
n. the three players whose court position, according to the official scorekeeper, is near the net.
n. the team’s offensive and defensive emphases for a particular opponent, usually organized by rotation.
n. a long, smooth run that precedes a spike.
n. an attacker.
n. a medium-height set on the left sideline; the term originated from the hitter’s mid-rally call to his setter.
n. toward the center of the net.
inside the block
n. a ball that has been attacked in the cross-court angle so that it passes by the block nearest the center of the court.
n. a modified forearm pass technique where the thumbs are turned up and the elbows are bent, forming a “J”. This technique is used to dig hard-hit balls and balls played close to the net.
n. a serve in which the player jumps and attacks the ball as in spiking.
n. a set executed while the setter is in the air.
n. slang for off-speed shots, balls intentionally hit off the block, and deflected shots that do not travel in expected paths or to anticipated locations.
n. an attacked ball that strikes the floor or lands out of bounds after touching an opponent.
n. attack percentage.
n. an emergency one-hand technique used to play a ball close to the face and tight to the net. The fingers are curled at the second knuckle and the hand is cocked back. The ball is actually contacted on the heel of the hand.
n. a commit-block scheme in which the left starts behind the middle in order to follow the crossing attacker.
n. an illegal contact, resulting when the ball is in contact with the player for too long.
n. a straight-ahead, sideline attack.
n. the players’ serving order, which reflects their starting locations on the court.
n. to arrange the blockers so that the team’s most effective blocker confronts the opponents’ most effective attacker.
n. either the middle-front or middle-back player.
n. an imaginary line drawn equidistant from the sidelines, that is, lengthwise, on the court; an imaginary line drawn vertically on the player’s body that divides it into comparable left and right parts.
n. an offense consisting of plays in which two or more players attack at different places on the net at different times.
v. slang describing when a blocker places his hands, palms forward, against the net to deflect a ball that has been passed into the net by the opponents.
n. the outside blocker not included in the double block.
n. a set delivered from the left side of the right-handed attacker and vice-versa.
n. any ball spiked with less than maximum force but with spin. Vice-versa.
n. a player’s defensive floor position and body posture that allows him or her to play an attacked ball in front of him and toward his teammates.
n. a low, quick set that is attacked either directly in front of, or behind, the setter.
n. an approach to attack that includes a one-footed jump long the net.
n. a set delivered from the right side of the right-handed spiker and vice-versa.
n. to step away from, and face, the ball’s path in receiving serve.
n. three positions away in the line-up; the player opposite the setter.
n. toward the sideline.
n. defending, either at the net or in the backcourt, from the sideline to the interior of the court.
n. a ball-handling skill using both hands simultaneously to contact the ball above the head and direct it to the intended target.
n. a foul in which one player is out of position in relation to another player (defined by player’s foot placement) when the ball is served.
n. a ball that is passed across the net.
n. a ball that is set across the net.
n. the overall rhythm of the team or of a player.
n. a one-handed defensive technique in which the player flattens his hand against the floor in order to save the ball.
n. the first contact of a served ball; a forearm pass.
n. a (usually) warm-up drill in which two players pass, set, and hit the ball back and forth.
n. a backcourt defense in which four players arrange themselves near the boundaries of the court.
n. to bend forward at the waist so that both the torso and the legs are in front of the hips.
n. an attack with a planned fake, usually including two or more hitters; a combination.
n. a medium-height set usually near the middle of the court that, when combined with a quick set, constitutes a play.
n. a front-row position in the serve-receive formation; the unit of scoring.
point of contact
n. the place on the court or along the net at which the ball is contacted.
n. the standard that supports the net.
n. body position while performing a skill.
n. the floor location arrived at and the body positioning assumed before the ball arrives.
n. a play in which an attacker fakes spiking a quick set and then spikes, at the same location, a medium-height set.
n. to lengthen a set; an attack where the player pistons their arm rather than swinging, “pushing” the ball across the net; an illegal lift.
n. a low, fast, inside set.
n. a quick attack that includes a two-footed takeoff and a broad jump along the net.
n. a play that includes both a quick set and a shoot set.
n. One series of play, from the service until the ball is dead.
n. to determine what event will take place before it occurs; a blocking scheme in which the front-row players watch the setter in order to determine where to block; a backcourt defensive scheme based on all players reading their opponents and their teammates.
n. the flexed, yet comfortable posture a player assumes before moving to the point of contact.
n. angle of the contact surface of the body at the moment of ball contact, commonly refers to forearm passing and hand position in blocking.
n. a service reception error.
n. a high set, usually delivered to the left sideline, that serves as an outlet when the play goes awry; a block pattern in which an outside blocker fronts the quick hitter as the middle double blocks on the sideline; the action of the ball leaving the setter’s hands; the action of the setter moving towards the net.
n. a combination in which the usual quick hitter attacks a play-set and the usual play-set hitter attacks a quick set.
n. a desperation ball-handling technique sometimes necessary but seldom encouraged. It occurs when a player brings the hands together in front of the face, elbows bent. The ball is contacted in front of the face on the back of the forearms.
n. a commit-block scheme in which the right starts behind the middle in order to follow the crossing attacker.
n. a ball cleanly hit with the heel or palm of the hand.
n. to advance on position in the line-up; a backcourt defense in which the line defender moves near the block and the middle-back moves behind the line defender.
n. the players’ locations on the court, according to the scorer.
n. a planned change in the blocking scheme used when the team confronts an attack it cannot cover.
n. slang referring to the J stroke. The ball is played with the hands clasped together, the thumbs parallel and pointed up, and the elbows bent.
n. the mid-point between two players.
n. one of the six basic skills, used to put the ball in play. It is the only skill controlled exclusively by one player.
n. the tactical skill of directing the opponent’s serve to the setter so that he or she can set. Forearm passing is the most common technical skill used to serve receive.
n. a serve that hits the floor or causes the serve-receiver to misplay the ball in such a manner that another player cannot make a second contact.
n. charged when the serve touches the net, fails to clear the net, lands out of bounds, touches the antenna, or the server is called for a line violation, delay of service, or rotational fault.
service reception error
n. charged when the serve strikes the floor untouched, no teammate is able to make a second hit, or the player is called for an illegal contact.
n.,v. the tactical skill in which a ball is directed to a point where a player can spike it into the opponent’s court. Overhead passing is the most common technical skill used to set.
shadow of the block
n. the area behind the block into which the opposing spikers cannot hit the ball hard.
v. to retrieve balls that have been played, missed, or terminated in a drill and returning them to the leader of the drill.
n. near the net.
n. a severely misdirected forearm pass.
n. a low, fast set to an attacker who is away from the setter.
n. any directed individual attack attempt.
n. a footwork pattern in which the feet do not cross each other, used to cover short distances.
n. occurs when the receiving team successfully puts the ball to the floor against the serving team, or when the serving team commits an unforced error, and the receiving team thus gains the right to serve.
n. the resulting movement of the ball when spin is imparted in the horizontal plane, usually due to striking the ball off-center, causing the ball to follow a somewhat sideways path.
n. the coordinated, effective function required by a specific motor task.
n. resembles a hop. The feet are moved simultaneously from one position to a new balanced position. Primarily used to describe a common footwork pattern in ball handling.
n. an attack approach that includes a last moment move along the net.
n. a technique in which the blocker angles his hands backward in order to deflect the ball and slow its speed.
n. to concentrate efforts on one part of the game.
n.,v. to hit the ball forcefully into the opponents’ court.
n. players on the attacking team assume low ready positions around their attacker in order to to retrieve rebounds from the opposing blockers.
n. the attacker.
n. a double block that leaves a space between its blockers.
n. a commit-block scheme in which the follower is assigned to block one attacker only.
n. a commit-block scheme in which the follower determines, by reading the setterm whom he blocks.
n. a one-footed slide in which the attacker moves around the setter.
n. a one-footed slide in which the attacker moves toward the setter.
n. a one-footed slide in which the attacker moves away from the setter.
v. to block the ball to the floor.
n. a ball that has been blocked to the floor.
n. to move from one sideline to the other, usually in approaching to attack; a type of offense that uses the swing approach.
n. a combination in which one player attacks immediately behind another.
n. the top of the net.
n. the player who is intended to receive the ball in any given play. The target can be the setter who is in the correct court position, an opponent who is designated to receive a serve, or a spiker who is waiting to receive a set.
n. the court position where the target players should be.
n. the mechanics of a skill.
n. to show one’s intention to the opponents.
n. a spike or tip that has been successfully executed so that it is unplayable by the defensive team.
n. contacts which lead directly to points or side-outs for the contacting team. Kills, and ace serves are all terminal contacts. An unforced error such as a net violation is also considered terminal.
n. a shoot that is attacked between the setter and the left sideline.
n. a lift, usually characterized by a throwing motion.
n. one-handed placement or redirection of the ball with the fingers.
v. to place or redirect the ball with the fingers of one hand.
n. to place or redirect the ball with the fingers of one hand.
n. the resulting movement of the ball when spin is imparted in the vertical plane in a forward direction, usually due to striking the ball and following through by snapping the wrist. A ball with topspin will drop faster than a ball with little or no spin.
n. 1. a skill used to initiate the contact of service.
2. a skill used to duplicate the dynamics and trajectory of a pass, serve, or set during a drill. Both hands should be used to impart less spin on the ball.
n. a player contacting the ball.
interj. an exclamation made by a blocker to inform his backcourt defenders that he has contacted the ball.
n. a control block.
n. the curve the ball takes on its path from one player to another.
n. the change from defense to offense.
n. a set close to the net that gives the blocker the advantage.
v. to concentrate the block on one hitter, ignoring another.
n. a block formed by three players.
n. a medium-height set that is usually attacked near the center of the net. See also play-set.
n. a serving technique in which the ball is contacted at about waist height by the serving hand.
n. an error committed by a player that is unrelated to the opponent’s play. Touching the net, stepping over the center line, and serving into the net are examples of unforced errors.
v. to change direction sharply during a spike approach, see also break.
n. a serve-receive formation with three players in the front row, two in the back (in the shape of a “W”).
n. the player located on the extreme right or left of the formation.
n. a cross in which the middle attacks a front one and the right attacks a two to the left of the middle.
n. See 5-1X.
n. when the blockers take away a significant portion of the defensive back court in which the opposing spiker can hit by being in good blocking position relative to the opposing spiker.